What is technology? Simply put, technology is the knowledge of a field’s use of resources. It includes technical methods, processes, tools, raw materials, and more. Some fields include different levels of technology, with state-of-the-art technology being the highest level of technological knowledge currently available to humankind. Here are some examples of technology in action. In addition to human-made products, technology has also been used in nature to create products.
Information technology was first defined by Harvard Business Review. They distinguished between general-purpose and purpose-built machines. As the technology industry progressed throughout the mid-20th century, computing capability increased, while energy consumption decreased. New technologies were developed and this cycle continues. Today, information technology is responsible for security, application governance, and services. And as we’ve seen, the term “information technology” is more than just a buzzword. It’s a complex set of disciplines that spans the entire spectrum of technological development.
Successful technology transfer enables the commercialization of innovations. It boosts national and regional economies, increases employment, and creates new products and services. This process also benefits society at large, by reducing unemployment and improving health and the environment. It is especially beneficial for SMEs, as the knowledge and technology developed in one organisation can benefit another. Small businesses can benefit from technology transfer because they can use external expertise to develop new products, services, and processes. In turn, they can increase their competitive advantage.
Similarly, the development of new technologies has triggered many waves of productivity. The first phase of IT saw the introduction of the internet, while the second phase centered on big companies incorporating IT into their operations. A good example of this phenomenon is the rise of the Gap, which has seen virtually no change in their retail workforce in decades. The second phase of technology brought another productivity boom, as big companies learned to harness the power of electricity. Moreover, if the next wave is the electrification of society, it is inevitable that productivity will be higher than ever before.
Another type of technology is called software. The software used by computers can be local or shared among multiple servers. The software makes tasks easier, such as word processing. Audio and visual technology includes cameras, microphones, projectors, and other devices used to capture and display various mediums. These devices are also used to connect the various components of technology. The internet also helps in communicating information with people around the world. This makes technology an important tool for many people.
Similarly, big leaps in technology require resources and support. In the past, software was developed by a computer maker and sold to other companies. This approach worked for a while, but it failed to meet users’ expectations. Now, the technology needs support from other fields. The aim is to make life easier for the human race. If you’re interested in learning about the evolution of technology, start reading The Next Generation of Information Technology